The first paper describing female patients with Turner syndrome (TS) was published in 1938 by Henry Turner. It was later discovered that in 1930, Otto Ullrich had already reported a case report of a girl with suggestive symptoms of TS. Therefore, the complete name is Ullrich-Turner syndrome.
Turners syndrome is a pathology found only in females, characterized by the partial or total absence of a second sex chromosome which leads to a wide range of physical findings that often includes congenital lymphedema, short stature, and gonadal dysgenesis. The physical symptoms depend on the karyotype, as only 50% of Turner patients are 45,X the others displaying mosaics or abnormalities in the second sex chromosome. […]