The study aims to evaluate the incidence, characteristics of diagnosis and treatment for patients with rectal cancer, but also the evolution of patients diagnosed with this neoplasia, so that a personalized treatment can be applied and followed, adapted to the patient’s clinical-imaging picture. The study included 127 patients operated on between January 2018 and November 2021. Dixon resection was performed in 63 patients, rectal amputation (Miles) in 42 patients, and Hartmann resection in 22 patients. For the Miles-type intervention, the patients in a more advanced stage were selected, which represented a percentage of 33.07% of the total. This type of intervention involves a permanent colostomy and has a strong impact on the patient’s life. Of the total of 127 patients, the presence of complications was relatively rare, occurring in only 14 patients. Of the 14 patients, the most common complication was abscess, which occurred in 6 patients, while peritonitis and occlusion occurred in only 4 patients. After analyzing the data obtained, it can be seen that the results coincide with world statistics, the highest incidence of rectal cancer occurring in the age range 60-69 years, with an increased incidence among male patients.