The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

Particularities of Patients Diagnosed with Gout in Rheumatology Department


Gout is a chronic metabolic disease, characterized by joint inflammation caused by monosodium urate monohydrate crystals. The main objective of this study was to identify the prevalence of gout in a rheumatology department in Romania and secondary to describe the characteristics of patients diagnosed with this condition, with emphasis on the comorbidities. This is a longitudinal, retrospective study on 280 patients from the Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, Dr I Cantacuzino Hospital, from January 2017 to May 2019, diagnosed with chronic or acute gout. The prevalence of gout in our hospital in 2 years period was 0.97%. Gouty attack was diagnosed in 38.2% of cases, while 61.8% were evaluated for chronic gout. Male frequency was 69.6%, alcohol consummation was observed in more than half of the cohort (53.2%) and 72.1% were retired persons. The most frequent comorbidity was hypertension (HBP) (82.1%) followed by dyslipidemia (65.3%), atherosclerotic disease(ATS) (55.0%) and chronic kidney disease (53.9%). There was a significant association between HBP, ATS and dyslipidemia with chronic gout (p=0.038, p=0.022 and p=0.009, respectively). The rate of gouty attack significantly increased with the serum level of uric acid (p<0.001). The therapeutic approach complies with international recommendations.