The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

Multivisceral Resection for Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma. Case Report and Literature Review


Pancreatic cancer (PC) remains a deadly disease with a dismal prognosis in which the mortality rate nearly equals its incidence [1,4]. Despite advances in modern chemoradiotherapy, the best and only chance of cure for patients with PC is an oncological surgical resection aimed at complete removal of all gross and microscopic disease[5]. Early disease and curative-intent surgery are the best predictors of outcome. Locally advanced cancer of the pancreatic tail involving adjacent organs is often considered unresectable. Radical distal pancreatectomy with en bloc resection of the invaded viscera with or without vascular reconstruction was introduced to treat these tumors[2,3]. Tumors of the body and tail have evidence of involvement of surrounding structures either by tumor infiltration or inflammatory adhesions. In such circumstances, it is advisable to perform en bloc resections to obtain negative surgical margins[6]. According to Shoup, multivisceral resections are technically feasible and, based on the limited data available, these resections are associated with improved survival (5-year survival rates of 16-22%) [7,8]. Given the high morbidity and mortality associated with these procedures, they should be performed only when the possibility of achieving R0 seems distinctly feasible[3,6,8]. […]