The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

Impact of Educational Interventions on the Awareness Regarding Hospital Infection Control Practices Among the Medical Students


Background: More than 1.4 million people all over the world are suffering from infections acquired during hospital stays . Awareness regarding infection prevention and control techniques are important to reduce the burden of such infections, ensuring better quality healthcare. Infection control education is a core component of infection control programs. Objectives: To assess the knowledge and awareness of Medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital in Central India and to evaluate the impact of educational interventions in eliminating any existing gaps in the same. Methods: This interventional study based on self-administered questionnaires (Google forms) involved fifty medical Students who were administered a pre-structured validated questionnaire as pre-test and post-test before and after an induction training program on infection prevention & control measures. The impact of the educational intervention was evaluated by determining the learning gain. Result: The study reveals a highly significant improvement in knowledge levels after training sessions (p<0.0001). Before training most of the study subjects (68%) showed poor levels of knowledge, 22% exhibited moderate levels while only 10% were found to have good levels of knowledge. After training 36% of trainees showed good levels of knowledge, 40% exhibited moderate levels while only 24% were left with poor knowledge. Conclusion: While evaluating the impact of training in this study, we have found a statistically significant absolute learning gain and a medium level of class average normalized learning gain. These findings prove the effectiveness of such targeted training sessions as an important strategic tool in preventing healthcare-associated infections.