HPV Implications in Benign Prostatic Impairments – A Literature Review


Benign prostatic impairments are a heterogeneous group of diseases that can coexist or be separate entities. Some of these conditions (prostatitis) are included in the pelvic pain syndrome, while the other is represented by the prostatic adenoma and its implications.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is histologically associated, in most cases, with the presence of inflammatory infiltrate at this level. Histopathological examination of the resected pieces and fragments of prostatic biopsy in many cases reveals stromal inflammatory infiltrate adjacent to the prostatic acini. (1, 2) In addition to the many factors involved in the prostate benign microbial pathology (E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Serratia spp., Klebsiella spp., Enterobacter aerogenes and the great family of enterococci), there are numerous data in specialized literature, certifying the presence of viral genomes in both benign and malignant pathology of the prostate. (3, 4) Among them the following stand out: Papilloma virus (HPV), Polyoma viruses, cytomegaloviruses (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), Herpes Virus 8 (HHV 8) and xenotropic murine leukemia virus recently (XMRV). (5)