Craniopharyngiomas are rare tumors developed in the area of the sella turcica and especially the suprasellar region. Despite their benign histological nature they are locally aggressive and surgical intervention is a major challenge due to the risk of damaging critical neural and vascular neighbouring structures. Objective: To study the postsurgical evolution of craniopharyngioma in adults after total or partial surgical resection. Material and methods: We performed a retrospective review of adult craniopharyngioma patients evaluated and followed up in the Pituitary Diseases Department of the National Institute of Endocrinology in Bucharest between 1998 and 2018. Results: A total of 60 patients (39.62±15.6 years-old) diagnosed with craniopharyngioma were included. All underwent initial surgery (68.3 % transcranial, 31.7% transsphenoidal approach). Gross total resection (GTR) was achieved in 21 cases (35%), in all the others partial resection was obtained (non-GTR). Immediate non-threatening postsurgical complications were anosmia (in 2 cases), cerebrospinal fluid-CSF leak (3 cases), subdural hematoma (2 cases). After surgery 13 cases (21.66%) had cognitive impairment (2 with GTR, 11 with non-GTR), 14 (23.3%) had hypothalamic syndrome (diurnal sleepiness, appetite and memory dysfunction- present in 1 case with GTR, 13 with non-GTR), 27 cases (45%) reported lethargy (7 GTR, 20 non-GTR), 24 (40%) complained of headaches (6 GTR, 18 nonGTR). All these complications were signifi cantly more frequent in cases with incomplete tumor resection compared to those with GTR: p= 0.000; 0.000; 0.036 and 0.009, respectively. Conclusions: Craniopharyngioma as well as its treatment are associated with very significant morbidity. Aggressive surgical resection with the aim of GTR is possible in a signifi cant percentage of cases and if it is carefully considered in view of the surgically perceived risk
of neurologic injury it is associated with lower postsurgical morbidity.