The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

Lucian Alecu

Lucian Alecu

A Current View on Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injury in Total Thyroidectomy

Introduction: Recurrent laryngeal nerve damage during total thyroidectomy was, is, and probably will be in the near future the Achilles’ heel of total thyroidectomy. Material and method: To perform the research we used the PubMed database. The questions were conceived to respect the PICOS guidelines. The PRISMA checklist was used to filter the results. The search was structured following the words: „recurrent laryngeal nerve injury” AND „total thyroidectomy”. Results: A total of 60 papers were identified. We excluded 12 papers as they were duplicates. From the 48 papers left, another 4 could not be obtained. Another 3 papers from the 44 left were excluded due to the fact they were not written in English. One paper was excluded as the subject did not follow our research purpose. 40 papers were left for analysis and discussion. Conclusion: To prevent recurrent laryngeal nerve lesions, at the moment in the literature there is no consensus. Unintentional injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve is predictable but not an avertible situation thus bilateral lesions still represent a dramatic situation across the world for the patients and the operating surgeon.

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News in Cancer-Related Pain Management

Introduction: Cancer related- pain causes a negative psychosocial and physical impact on patients’ lives. The purpose of this review was to investigate the current strategies for cancer pain treatment. Material and Methods: We conducted a PubMed search of the literature published from 2018 to 2020, and details were extracted from the articles with adequate study quality. Discussion: Of 63 titles, 19 studies were selected and used in review. Conclusions: This review article focuses on the novel treatments available for cancer pain management.

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The Controversy of Intraperitoneal Hyperthermic Chemotherapy for Ovarian Cancer

Although the standard treatment for ovarian carcinoma with peritoneal metastases is systemic chemotherapy alone or systemic chemotherapy with debulking surgery, a new technique gains more ground: a combination of hipertermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) and optimal cytoreduction surgery. The proof is mounting regarding the benefits of HIPEC for patients with metastatic ovarian carcinoma but it still lacks a standard protocol of use. It has increased costs, and incomplete data regarding its safety. Due to these reasons, it is still considered an alternative treatment. Our study aimed to evaluate the published literature regarding this technique from the point of view of safety and efficacy when compared with the standard of care treatment.

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