Ilinca Nicolae

Ilinca Nicolae

IPSS Score and IL-6 Before and During Treatment with Dutasteride in Patients with Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common pathologies in aging men, associated with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). This pathology has a multimodal approach depending on different factors like age, prostate size, prostate-specific antigen level, and severity of the symptoms [1]. Medical treatment is the first option in what patients with low or moderate LUTS are concerned. There are two major drug classes already established in all international treatment guidelines, 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors and alpha-blockers. 5 alpha-reductase inhibitors block the transformation of testosterone in dihydrotestosterone within the prostate, leading to the decrease of prostate volume, increased peak urinary flow rate, improvement of symptoms, decreasing the risk of acute urinary retention. Their main secondary effects are the erectile dysfunction, the decreasing of libido and of the ejaculate volume, and also gynecomastia [2]. Alpha-blockers act on alpha-adrenoceptor sites found particularly at the bladder neck, at the trigone and within the prostate. They have a fast action on the prostate gland, leading quickly to symptom relief, but without reducing the risk of acute retention or surgical treatment. As secondary effects, alpha-blockers can affect blood pressure [3-5].

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Zinc and Androgen Hormones in Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

Prostatic pathology represents one of the most common causes of dermato-urological addressability, because of the varied age interval, but also because of the symptoms that decrease rapidly and visibly the patients’ quality of life. Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is represented by increased volume of the prostate, which generates an obstructive and irritative symptomathology in the pelvic urinary tract. The hormonal influence presents a certain contribution in the development and evolution of BPH, by the imbalance occurred between androgens and estrogens, revealed by the significant decrease of the ratio androgens/estrogens hormones and by the inflammatory factors (1,2,3,4).

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