The Journal of Bucharest College of Physicians and the Romanian Academy of Medical Sciences

Dan Dumitrescu

Dan Dumitrescu

The Outcome of Rectal Cancer Patients During SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic

Introduction: Rectal cancer is a complex pathology that requires a multidisciplinary approach according to current guidelines, and surgery is one of the main stages of treatment, the type of intervention being established in relation to the location of the tumor at the rectal level. Material and method: The present study aims to analyze the diagnostic features, study the evolution, treatment and complications of patients with rectal cancer in a period marked by the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. After completing the inclusion criteria, but also the exclusion group, the remaining group consisted of 55 patients with rectal cancer. Results: For the 55 patients, abdominal-pelvic rectal amputation was performed in 17 cases, rectosigmoid resection with colostomy in 13 cases, and rectosigmoid resection with anastomosis in 25 cases. It was also taken into account that the access to medical services was delayed compared to the pre-pandemic period, the increase of the time interval between the treatment stages being an important aspect of the study. Complications associated with surgery have been reported in 13 patients, the most common being the pelvic abscess. Conclusions: The results of the study show a high incidence rate in the age group 60-69 years, with a predominance of males, a delay in making the diagnosis of certainty, an extension of the period from the beginning of neoadjuvant treatment to access to surgery, and the rate of postoperative complications is similar to that described in other studies conducted during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, but also outside it.

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Mesenteric Lymphangioma – a Rare Tumor of the Abdomen

Mesenteric lymphangioma (ML) is a cystic tumor developed at the base of the mesentery, which occurs frequently in children, rarely in adults, with nonspecific symptoms, often diagnosed late. The diagnosis is made by computer tomography and the curative treatment is the surgical one with good results and with optimal postoperative outcome. A 44-year-old patient for whom mesh surgery for incisional hernia post appendectomy has been performed was admitted to our clinic for non-specific gastrointestinal symptoms for which he has also been investigated multiple times in other services. On the right flank and iliac fossa, a tumor of firm-elastic consistency is detected, relatively well delimited. Computed tomography (CT) describes the lesion as a mesenteric tumor. Intraoperatively, a cystic tumor is detected, which is punctured, the biochemical result highlighting the lymphatic character. The surgical treatment was represented by segmental intestinal resection with entero-enteroanastomosis. No postoperative events were
reported.

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Personalized Treatment in Rectal Cancer – a Single Center Study

The study aims to evaluate the incidence, characteristics of diagnosis and treatment for patients with rectal cancer, but also the evolution of patients diagnosed with this neoplasia, so that a personalized treatment can be applied and followed, adapted to the patient’s clinical-imaging picture. The study included 127 patients operated on between January 2018 and November 2021. Dixon resection was performed in 63 patients, rectal amputation (Miles) in 42 patients, and Hartmann resection in 22 patients. For the Miles-type intervention, the patients in a more advanced stage were selected, which represented a percentage of 33.07% of the total. This type of intervention involves a permanent colostomy and has a strong impact on the patient’s life. Of the total of 127 patients, the presence of complications was relatively rare, occurring in only 14 patients. Of the 14 patients, the most common complication was abscess, which occurred in 6 patients, while peritonitis and occlusion occurred in only 4 patients. After analyzing the data obtained, it can be seen that the results coincide with world statistics, the highest incidence of rectal cancer occurring in the age range 60-69 years, with an increased incidence among male patients.

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Particularities of Surgical Treatment for the Neuropathic Diabetic Foot

Diabetic neuropathy is one of the chronic complications of diabetes and along with other complications causes a pathology called diabetic foot. The present study analyzed a group of 164 patients admitted to the surgery department of the Clinical Hospital “Doctor Ioan Cantacuzino” Bucharest, between September and December 2019. The results of the study highlight the potential for contamination of neuropathic lesions and the need for curative surgery, most conservative. The conclusion of the analysis emphasizes that the imbalance of the underlying disease changes, in a negative sense, the prognosis of any complication of it.

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Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: the Surgical Perspective

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), namely Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, are relatively rare diseases in our country, known as a low prevalence geographic region. IBD are a multidisciplinary problem, that implies gastroenterologists, as well as surgeons. Surgical management in inflammatory bowel disease is often impaired by a high complication rate and a significant recurrence rate, specifi c mostly for Crohn’s disease. Indications for surgery include failure of medical therapy (including delayed puberty for young patients and drug intolerance), toxic megacolon, bowel perforation, obstruction, enteric fi stula and abdominal or perianal abscess. Advances in medical treatment options for IBD are continuously accumulating. However, a large number of patients still require surgical procedures during lifetime.

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